There are many pests in the garden, but a certain few of them can cause serious damage to your home.
I put together a list of 10 you need to make sure don’t take over your garden.
Aphids are pear-shaped and tiny. They usually have long antennas and two tubes on the rear of the abdomen. This pest will hang out on fruits, veggies, and shade trees in most of North America. These are dangerous to plants because they will suck out the sap. This causes the plants to distort and drop their leaves. Plus, they excrete on the leaves and that promotes the growth of mold.
You can wash your plants with a strong stream of water or plant items that encourage lady beetles to keep these bugs at bay. It may also be smart to use any garlic or hot-pepper repellent sprays to help keep the bugs away.
2. The Cabbage Maggot
This pest is going to be found to crops in the cabbage family. Chinese cabbages are especially at risk. These pests can be found in North America. They are maggots and will tunnel the roots and kill the plant. Even if they do not kill the plant, they will create an area that disease can enter.
To help keep these bugs away, use floating row covers and apply nematodes around the roots of your plants. You can even burn the roots of plants that you have harvested to help.
These pests will be segmented and soft. They have a hard head with six legs. They do have fake legs on the rear of their body. Caterpillars are found on many different types of plants and love to chew on the leaves. Some caterpillars will tunnel into certain fruits and vegetables. You can keep these pests away by bringing in native parasites and/or predators. You can also use floating row covers.
These worms are about an inch in length and are fat. They are grey or black in color and are segmented. These pests are active at night. You will find these on seedlings of vegetables and flowers. They will also be found on transplants as well. These pests chew through the stems of plants by the ground. They may even eat a whole plant in May or June.
You can hand-pick these worms to help control them. You may also want to plant later than you normally would to avoid these pests.
5. Colorado Potato Beetle
You will notice that this is a beetle that is yellow or orange in color. They have exactly ten stripes on their backs and wing covers. These stripes are black. They will be found on other plants besides that potato. Tomatoes, petunias, and eggplants are all a great place for this pest to be found. They kill young plants and can reduce how much you get off of a plant. Use deep mulches and handpick the beetles off your plants.
6. Mexican Bean Beetle
These beetles are oval in shape and appear yellow or brown. They are pretty small and have spots on their wing covers. The larvae will be dark yellow and will be fat. They will have branched spines. Most of the time these pests like to munch on beans and peas. You can find these in many states located East of the Mississippi River. This beetle will chew on the bottom of leaves. You can plant your beans earlier than normal to help keep these bugs away.
7. Flea Beetle
The flea beetle is dark in color and small. They can jump very high like a flea. They like to be on veggies. These beetles chew small holes into the leaves of plants. Use garlic spray or kaolin clay to help keep these bugs at bay.
8. Tarnished Plant Bug
These bugs are fast and will appear brown or even green. They have forewings that feature a yellow triangle with black tips. Flowers, fruits, and veggies are their main target. Plant juices are sucked which causes distortion, wilting, and dying.
9. Japanese Beetles
You will see a beetle that is a metallic green or blue and it will be about a half an inch in length. The wing covers will be a bronze color. You can expect to find these beetles on small fruit, flowers, and veggies. These beetles are found in every state located East of the Mississippi River. The beetles chew on flowers and will leave the leaf of a plant in ruins.
These bugs are unique and look like bumps on the stems or leaves. They may even be found on the fruit itself. Males look a little different and will crawl around. They have a soft appearance. Many fruits, indoor plants, and trees will have this bug on them. The bug will suck sap and weaken your plants. It may even kill them.
So that’s it, 10 pest to be on the lookout for in your garden.